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Bioethics, Biosecurity and Biosafety (BT733)

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Course Contents

Science, ethics and values, Definition, Attitudes to Science, What is ethics?, The development of ethics?, The growth of Bioethics, Bioethics in 21st century, Making Ethical decisions, The place of humans in nature, Valuing the environment, Themes in environmental ethics, Current issues in environmental ethics, Terrestrial and aquatic pollution: environmental ethics, Global climate change: environmental ethics, Environmental degradation and loss of biodiversity: Environmental ethics, The ethics of animal research, Animals in sport, companionship, leisure and fashion, Animals for food and draughting, A code of ethics for biologists, Fundamental elements of the patient-physician relationship, Codes for nurses, Patient’s right and responsibilities, Truth telling and the management of bad news, Informed consent, Patient self-determination and advance directives, The management of confidential information, The problem of moral justification, Maternal-fetal relationship and rights, Refusal of treatment, Introduction to Ethical analysis of genetic modification, Genetic modification and risk factors, Possible misuse of genetic modification, Nanobiotechnology, Cybernetics, Applications of genetic modification and their ethical issues, Ethical issues related to genetically modified food,  Risk factors of GM food, Genetic modifications of animals and their uses, Genetic modifications of animals and their ethical issues, Molecular genetics and human genome project, Thoughts on eugenics, Uses of human genetic information, Genetic diagnosis, Genetic screening, The possibility of genetic discrimination, The burden of genetic information, Genetic modifications of humans: Fact or fiction, Genes—the wider issues, Gene patents in agriculture and livestock, Gene patents and medical genetics, Genetic piracy, Ethical issues related to cloning of sheep and frog, The ethics of human cloning- an overview, Ethical status of early human embryo, Therapeutic cloning, Designer babies, Case studies 1-8, The stem cell debate, Conclusion of Cloning Controversy, Genetic counseling, Responding to trafficking and HIV/AIDS, Responding to Disasters,  Biosafety: Definition, Biosecurity: Definition, Bio weapons, Definition of Biohazard, Application to Use Biohazardous Materials,Laboratory Safety protocols, Classification of pathogens by risk group, Containment, Safe handling of biological spills, Sterilization and disinfection in the laboratories, Biohazards associated with animal handling, Safe handling of laboratory equipment, Reporting of accidents, Waste disposal, Laboratory Biosafety level criteria, Laboratory Biosafety level 1-4, Essential Biosafety measures for TB laboratories, Low risk TB Labs, Moderate risk TB Labs , High risk TB Labs, Safety equipment, Personal protective equipment and clothing, Plans for emergency preparedness and response, Introduction to the transport of infectious materials, Biosafety and recombinant DNA technology, Hazardous Chemicals, Fire hazard, Electrical hazards, Noise, Ionizing radiation, Biosafety officer, Biosafety committee, Safety for support staff, Training programs, Safety checklist, First aid, Immunization of staff,WHO Biosafety collaborating centers, US Biosecurity legislation,US Biosecurity regulations, US Biosecurity guidance, Canada Biosecurity legislations and guidance, Japan Biosecurity legislations and guidance, Other countries Biosecurity legislations and guidance, Design Biosecurity plan, Objectives of Laboratory biosecurity, Laboratory Biosecurity and risk of Bioterrorism, Laboratory Biosecurity and  International obligations, Pakistan Biosecurity legislations and guidance , Risk assessment, Overview of Biosecurity risk assessment methodology, Evaluate the pathogens and toxins, Evaluate the potential Adversaries, Evaluate Scenarios, Characterize the risk, Risk reduction, Components of biosecurity, Physical security, Physical security elements, Integration with laboratory biosafety, Personnel security, Personnel security elements, Material control and accountability, Material control and accountability elements, Transport security, Transport security elements, Information security, Information security elements, Biosecurity system design,    Specific Biosecurity recommendations---Low/high risk facility, Specific Biosecurity recommendations---moderate  risk facility, Specific Biosecurity recommendations---extreme risk facility, Invasive Species and Biosecurity: Potential Pathways for Introduction, Challenges in Animal Biosecurity,  Poultry Biosecurity Issues, An awareness of trade issues and their relevance to agricultural biosecurity, An understanding of the foundation principles and basic practices of pest exclusion, eradication, and management tactics for invasive species issues,  An ability to assimilate information on invasive species, and develop inferences from case study examples, A perspective on the research, extension, and regulatory components of invasive species issues, An appreciation of early detection and correct identification of new and emerging pest problems, An awareness of news and developments reported in the popular and scientific media on issues affecting the subject matter, An awareness of the importance of insect vectors to animal and human health, An awareness of the importance of exotic animal disease threats to agriculture, Biosecurity and biodefence strategy, Biosecurity and biodefence practice, Biosecurity and biodefence science, Biosecurity and biodefence resource, Biological warfare, The Need for Global Biosecurity, Personnel security elements, Material control and accountability, Material control and accountability elements, Transport security, Transport security elements, Information security, Design Biosafety rules for a virology lab, Types of fire extinguisher, Fire exits, Fire wardens, Fire Assembly area, National Biosafety rules, Applications of National Biosafety rules, Establishment of  National Biosafety rules, Functions of  National Biosafety committee, Functions of technical advisory committee, Functions of institutional Biosafety committee, Prohibition and license requirement, Confidential information, Risk assessment and risk management, Decision making and communication of decision, Grant of license, Application of re-examination, Special requirement for import and export of living modified organisms, Permission and approval for food stuff, Responsibility to notify interruptions or accidents, Pakistan Biosecurity measures, National legislations, Monitoring and implementation of Pakistan Biosafety and Biosecurity rules, Efforts to mitigate biological threats, Threats of biological weapons, Biosecurity Challenges of the Global Expansion of High Containment Biological Laboratories, Public participation and access to information, International framework on biosafety, Occupational Health and Immunoprophylaxis, Occupational Health Support Service Elements, Bacillus anthracis, Brucella species, Campylobacter, Neurotoxin-producing Clostridia species, Corynebacterium diphtheria, Helicobacter species, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Salmonella serotypes, Treponema pallidum, Cryptococcus Neoformans, Blood and tissue protozoal parasites, Intestinal protozoal parasites, Hepatitis A Virus, Hepatitis E Virus, Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus, Human Herpes Virus, Influenza, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Coronavirus, Agriculture pathogen biosafety, Foot and Mouth Disease Virus, Newcastle Disease (ND) Virus, Integrated pest management, Class I BSC , Conclusion, Problem 1-63

Course Codes

ACC311 ACC501 BIF401 BIF402 BIF501 BIF601 BIF602 BIF604 BIF731 BIF732 BIF733 BIO101 BIO102 BIO201 BIO202 BIO203 BIO204 BIO301 BIO302 BIO303 BIO502 BIO731 BIO732 BIO733 BIO734 BIT701 BIT703 BIT710 BIT715 BNK601 BNK603 BNK604 BNK610 BNK611 BNK612 BNK613 BNK701 BNK703 BNK704 BNK725 BT101 BT102 BT301 BT302 BT404 BT501 BT503 BT505 BT601 BT603 BT605 BT731 BT732 BT733 BT734 BT735 CS001 CS101 CS201 CS202 CS205 CS206 CS301 CS302 CS304 CS310 CS311 CS312 CS314 CS315 CS401 CS402 CS403 CS405 CS407 CS408 CS409 CS410 CS411 CS431 CS432 CS435 CS501 CS502 CS504 CS506 CS507 CS508 CS510 CS601 CS602 CS603 CS604 CS605 CS606 CS607 CS608 CS609 CS610 CS611 CS614 CS615 CS620 CS701 CS702 CS703 CS704 CS706 CS707 CS708 CS709 CS710 CS711 CS712 CS713 CS716 CS718 CS721 CS723 CS724 CS725 CS726 ECE101 ECE202 ECE301 ECO302 ECO303 ECO401 ECO402 ECO403 ECO404 ECO406 ECO501 ECO601 ECO602 ECO603 ECO606 ECO615 ECO704 EDU101 EDU201 EDU301 EDU303 EDU304 EDU305 EDU401 EDU402 EDU403 EDU404 EDU405 EDU406 EDU410 EDU411 EDU430 EDU431 EDU501 EDU505 EDU510 EDU512 EDU515 EDU516 EDU601 EDU602 EDU603 EDU604 EDU654 EDU702 EDU705 ENG001 ENG101 ENG201 ENG301 ENG401 ENG503 ENG504 ENG505 ENG506 ENG507 ENG508 ENG509 ENG510 ENG511 ENG512 ENG513 ENG515 ENG516 ENG518 ENG519 ETH201 ETH202 FIN611 FIN621 FIN622 FIN623 FIN624 FIN625 FIN630 FIN704 FIN711 FIN722 FIN723 FIN725 FIN730 GEN731 GEN732 GSC101 GSC201 HRM611 HRM613 HRM617 HRM623 HRM624 HRM625 HRM626 HRM627 HRM628 HRM713 HRM724 HRM727 ISL201 IT430 MCD401 MCD402 MCD403 MCD501 MCD502 MCD504 MCM101 MCM301 MCM304 MCM310 MCM311 MCM401 MCM404 MCM411 MCM431 MCM501 MCM511 MCM514 MCM515 MCM516 MCM517 MCM520 MCM531 MCM532 MCM601 MCM604 MCM610 MGMT510 MGMT611 MGMT614 MGMT615 MGMT617 MGMT622 MGMT623 MGMT625 MGMT627 MGMT628 MGMT629 MGMT630 MGMT631 MGMT715 MGMT723 MGMT725 MGMT727 MGMT728 MGMT729 MGMT730 MGMT731 MGT101 MGT111 MGT201 MGT211 MGT301 MGT401 MGT402 MGT404 MGT411 MGT501 MGT502 MGT503 MGT504 MGT510 MGT513 MGT520 MGT522 MGT601 MGT602 MGT603 MGT604 MGT610 MGT611 MGT612 MGT613 MGT621 MGT703 MGT704 MGT705 MGT711 MGT713 MGT722 MKT501 MKT529 MKT530 MKT610 MKT611 MKT621 MKT624 MKT625 MKT627 MKT630 MKT703 MKT711 MKT721 MKT724 MKT725 MKT730 MKT731 MTH001 MTH100 MTH101 MTH201 MTH202 MTH301 MTH302 MTH303 MTH401 MTH403 MTH501 MTH601 MTH603 MTH631 MTH632 MTH633 MTH634 MTH641 MTH701 MTH706 MTH7123 MTH721 PAD603 PAK301 PAK302 PHY101 PHY301 PSC201 PSC401 PSY101 PSY401 PSY402 PSY403 PSY404 PSY405 PSY406 PSY407 PSY408 PSY409 PSY502 PSY504 PSY505 PSY510 PSY511 PSY512 PSY513 PSY514 PSY515 PSY610 PSY631 PSY632 SOC101 SOC301 SOC302 SOC401 SOC402 SOC403 SOC601 SOC603 SOC615 SPT730 STA100 STA301 STA304 STA404 STA406 STA408 STA621 STA630 STA631 STA632 STA642 STA643 STA644 STA730 STAT730 URD101 ZOO301 ZOO502 ZOO503 ZOO504 ZOO505 ZOO731