In the name of ALLAH, the most beneficient, the most merciful

Solved Examples (Sentence Equivalence)

Directions: Select the two answer choices that, when used to complete the sentence, fit the meaning of the sentence as a whole and produce completed sentences that are alike in meaning.

  1. Normally an individual thunderstorm lasts about 45 minutes, but under certai conditions the storm may ________, becoming ever more severe, for as long as four hours.

    1. wane
    2. moderate
    3. persist
    4. endure
    5. vacillate
    6. disperse
    (C. persist and D. endure) Normally an individual thunderstorm lasts about 45 minutes, but under certai conditions the storm may persist/endure, becoming ever more severe, for as long as four hours.
  2. Perhaps because something in us instinctively distrusts such displays of neutral fluency, some readers approach John Updike's fiction with ________.

    1. wariness
    2. indifference
    3. suspicion
    4. veneration
    5. bewilderment
    6. remorse
    (A. wariness and C. suspicion) Perhaps because something in us instinctively distrusts such displays of neutral fluency, some readers approach John Updike's fiction with wariness/suspicion.
  3. We lost confidence in him because he never ________ the grandiose promises he had made.

    1. forgot about
    2. reneged on
    3. carried out
    4. tried of
    5. delivered on
    6. retreated from
    (C. carried out and E. delivered on) We lost confidence in him because he never carried out/delivered on the grandiose promises he had made.
  4. We were amazed that a man who had been heretofore the most ________ of public speakers could, in a single speech, electrify an audience and bring them cheering to their feet.

    1. prosaic
    2. enthralling
    3. accomplished
    4. pedestrian
    5. auspicious
    6. iconoclastic
    (A. prosaic and D. pedestrian) We were amazed that a man who had been heretofore the most prosaic/pedestrian of public speakers could, in a single speech, electrify an audience and bring them cheering to their feet.
  5. Despite the mixture's ________ nature, we found that by loweing the temperature in the laboratory we could dramatically reduce its tendency to vaporize.

    1. resilient
    2. homogeneous
    3. volatile
    4. insipid
    5. acerbic
    6. unstable
    (C. volatile and F. unstable) Despite the mixture's volatile/unstable nature, we found that by loweing the temperature in the laboratory we could dramatically reduce its tendency to vaporize.
  6. In a revolutionary development in technology, some manufacturers now make biodegradable forms of plastic; some plastic trash bags, for example gradually ________ when exposed to sunlight.

    1. harden
    2. stagnate
    3. inflate
    4. propagate
    5. decompose
    6. disintegrate
    (E. decompose and F. disintegrate) In a revolutionary development in technology, some manufacturers now make biodegradable forms of plastic; some plastic trash bags, for example gradually decompose/disintegrate when exposed to sunlight.
  7. Aimed at curbing European attempts to seize territory in the Americas, the Monroe Doctrine was a warning to ________ foreign powers.

    1. pertinacious
    2. cautionary
    3. credulous
    4. rapacious
    5. predatory
    6. remote
    (D. rapacious and E. predatory) Aimed at curbing European attempts to seize territory in the Americas, the Monroe Doctrine was a warning to rapacious/predatory foreign powers.
  8. Few other plants can grow beneaththe canopy of the sycamore tree, whose leaves and pods produce a natural herbicide that leaches into the surrounding soil, ________ other plants that might compete for water and nutrients.

    1. inhibiting
    2. distinguishing
    3. nourishing
    4. suppressing
    5. harvesting
    6. fertilizing
    Few other plants can grow beneaththe canopy of the sycamore tree, whose leaves and pods produce a natural herbicide that leaches into the surrounding soil, inhibiting/suppressing other plants that might compete for water and nutrients.
  9. Although it does contain some pioneering ideas, one would hardly characterize the work as ________.

    1. orthodox
    2. eccentric
    3. original
    4. trifling
    5. conventional
    6. innovative
    (C. original and F. innovative) The word "Although" is a crucial signpost here. The work contains some pioneering ideas, but apparently it is not overall a pioneering work. Thus the two words that could fill the blank appropriately are "original" and "innovative." Note that "orthodox" and "conventional" are two words that are very similar in meaning, but neither one completes the sentence sensibly. Thus the correct answer is original and innovative.
  10. It was her view that the country's problems had been ________ by foreign technocrats, so that to ask for such assistance again would be counterproductive.

    1. ameliorated
    2. ascertained
    3. diagnosed
    4. exacerbated
    5. overlooked
    6. worsened
    (D. exacerbated and F. worsened) The sentence relates a piece of reasoning, as indicated by the presence of "so that": asking for the assistance of foreign technocrats would be counterproductive because of the effects such technocrats have had already. This means that the technocrats must have bad effects; i.e., they must have "exacerbated" or "worsened" the country's problems. Thus the correct answer is exacerbated and worsened.