In the name of ALLAH, the most beneficient, the most merciful

Research Methods (STA630)

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

 

Objective Questions

Question

Which one of the following is not an assumption of science?

  1. There are reoccurring patterns in the world.
  2. Events happen because of preceding causes.
  3. We can discover solutions to problems of interest.
  4. Theoretical explanations must agree with common sense.

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 2 

Question

What is a cross-sectional research?

  1. A study of one particular section of society
  2. A comparison of two or more variables over a long period of time
  3. The collection of data from more one case at one moment in time
  4. One that is conducted when environment is uncertain

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 3 

Question

Which of following statement is true?

  1. Theory and Research are dichotomous
  2. Theory and Research are interrelated
  3. There is no difference between Theory and Research
  4. None of the given

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 4 

Question

Which of the following is at the highest level of abstraction?

  1. Concept
  2. Proposition
  3. Theory
  4. Hypothesis

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 4 

Question

After a researcher has stated the specific problem to be studied in an experiment, he must then develop a(n):

  1. Theory
  2. Conclusion
  3. Hypothesis
  4. Summary of the data

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 4 

Question

An operational definition is:

  1. One that bears no relation to the underlying concept.
  2. An abstract, theoretical definition of a concept.
  3. A definition of a concept in terms of specific, empirical measures.
  4. One that refers to opera singers and their work.

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 5 

Question

Hypothesis refers to ________:

  1. The outcome of an experiment
  2. A conclusion drawn from an experiment
  3. A form of bias in which the subject tries to outguess the experimenter
  4. A tentative ststement about the relationship

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 6 

Question

Which of the following is a discrete variable?

  1. Age
  2. Nationality
  3. Test score
  4. Income

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 6 

Question

Which of the following statements is true?

  1. All concepts are variables and all variables are concepts
  2. All variables are concepts but all concepts are not variable
  3. All concepts are variables but all variables are not concepts
  4. None of the given

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 6 

Question

Which of the following is NOT a purpose of a literature review?

  1. Helps you find out what is already known about this area.
  2. Helps you in getting response from the respondents
  3. Helps you in developing theoretical framework.
  4. Helps you to learn from others and stimulate new ideas.

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 8 

Question

The purpose of a literature review is to:

  1. Help you find out what is already known about this area.
  2. Identify any inconsistencies or gaps in the literature
  3. Demonstrate an awareness of the theoretical context in which the current study can be located.
  4. All of the given

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 8 

Question

A Literature review that summarizes what is known at a point in time is known as:

  1. Narative literature review
  2. Systematic literature review
  3. Integrative review
  4. Historical review

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 8 

Question

Preliminary Data Collection may be considered as part of ________.

  1. Descriptive research
  2. Explananory research
  3. Exploratory research
  4. All of the given

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 12 

Question

Which of the following is Not helpful in problem definition?

  1. Discussion with professionals
  2. Hypothesis
  3. Literature survey
  4. Preliminary data collection

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 12 

Question

Which of the following is not an unethical issue?

  1. Invoicing irregularities
  2. Avoiding legal liability
  3. Misrepresenting results
  4. None of the given

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 13 

Question

Which of the following is a form of harm that might be suffered by research participants?

  1. Physical injury
  2. Stress
  3. Anxiety
  4. All of the given

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 13 

Question

Which of the following activities is Not included in debriefing?

  1. Explanation of any deception
  2. Post study result sharing
  3. Obtaining informed consent
  4. Description of the purpose of study

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 14 

Question

A _______ scale only assigns numbers to objects to classify the objects according to the characteristic of interest.

  1. Ratio
  2. Nominal
  3. Interval
  4. Dichotomous

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 17 

Question

A researcher in his questionnaire asked nature of business respondents are working in; whether trading, manufacturing or servicing. Nature of business is likely to be measured on which type of following scales?

  1. Interval Scale
  2. Ratio scale
  3. Nominal scale
  4. Ordinal scale

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 17 

Question

If a measure is consistent over multiple occasions, it has:

  1. Inter-rater reliability
  2. Construct validity
  3. Internal validity
  4. Test-retest reliability

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 18