In the name of ALLAH, the most beneficient, the most merciful

Introduction to Computing (CS101)

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

 

Objective Questions

Question

The tasks performed to determine the existence of defects is called ____________.

  1. Debugging
  2. Testing
  3. Repairing
  4. Coding

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 44 

Question

There are _________ types of errors.

  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 4
  4. 5

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 44 

Question

Web is a unique invention by humans in terms that it is:

  1. accessible to only the owners who control it
  2. accessible from particular locations only
  3. accessible to all humans
  4. accessible to only the educational institutes

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 43 

Question

______________ is in Executive team.

  1. Project Manager
  2. CEO
  3. Team Lead
  4. Developer

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 42 

Question

Planning and tracking of the project is the responsibility of the_______________.

  1. Project Manager
  2. Architect
  3. Developer
  4. Chief Executive Officer

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 42 

Question

The __________has changed marketing forever, redirecting it from a mass focus to a single person focus.

  1. Web
  2. Television
  3. Mobile
  4. Radio

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 40 

Question

_______________ based communication allows business entities to coordinate the activities of their globally spread units with greater accuracy.

  1. Intranet
  2. Internet
  3. Home
  4. LAN

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 40 

Question

_________ returns a string containing characters copied from positions n to m-1

  1. charAT(n)
  2. substring (m)
  3. substring(n,m)
  4. None of the given

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 38 

Question

____________ is a field that uniquely that uniquely identifies each record stored in a table .

  1. Key
  2. Primary Key
  3. Foreign key
  4. Query

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 37 

Question

__________ can be used for entering, editing or viewing data, one record at a time

  1. Forms
  2. Reports
  3. Queries
  4. Tables

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 37 

Question

RDBMS stands for

  1. Relative Data Base Management System
  2. Relational Data Base Management System
  3. Recursive Data Base Management System
  4. Responsible Data Base Management System

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 37 

Question

Hardware malfunctions is related to

  1. Data updates
  2. Data integrity
  3. Data security
  4. Data accessibility

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 36 

Question

Which function returns a randomly selected floating point number between 0 and 1?

  1. floor(x)
  2. ceil(x)
  3. random()
  4. round(x)

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 35 

Question

__________ returns a randomly selected, floating point number between 0 and 1.

  1. Math.random
  2. random
  3. random()
  4. None of the given

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 35 

Question

Autonomous Web Agents are also known as _____________.

  1. Mobile Agents
  2. Softbots
  3. Both "Mobile Agents" & "Softbots"
  4. None of these

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 34 

Question

Color mapping scheme reducing the size of 2.25 MB graphic to_______ MB.

  1. 0.90 MB
  2. 0.75 MB
  3. 1.00 MB
  4. None of these

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 33 

Question

There are __________ & __________ popular schemes to reduce the number of bytes that are required for storing graphics.

  1. Contrast & Color Control
  2. Dithering & Color Mapping
  3. Matching & Non-Matching
  4. None of these

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 33 

Question

_________ images enhanced to impart the illusion of depth.

  1. Parallel
  2. Diagonal
  3. Flat
  4. None of these

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 33 

Question

Bit-map images compresses using the __________ algorithm.

  1. LZV
  2. LZW
  3. LZE
  4. None of these

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 33 

Question

A string consisting of JavaScript statements enclosed in double or single ____________

  1. LINES
  2. EVENTS
  3. TAG’s
  4. QUOTES

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 32 

Question

Mixed-case capitalization of event handlers (e.g. onClick) is _________ for JavaScript event handlers defined in HTML code

  1. a Defined Rule
  2. a Requirement
  3. a Convention
  4. Necessary

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 32 

Question

VoIP stands for ___________________________

  1. Video over Internet Protocol
  2. Visual on Internet Protocol
  3. Voice over Internet Protocol
  4. None of these

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 30 

Question

________ is a type of computer-to-computer messaging.

  1. TCP
  2. Telnet
  3. E-mail
  4. FTP

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 30 

Question

____________ is used to transfer files between computers on a TCP/IP network.

  1. TCP
  2. FTP
  3. Telnet Protocol
  4. All of the given choices

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 30 

Question

__________ addresses are difficult to recognize and remember for humans.

  1. TCP
  2. IP
  3. SMTP
  4. None of these

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 30 

Question

Identify the correct statements about function arguments
I) A comma-separated list of data
II) Define the interface b/w function and rest of code
III) They are used to identify the function
IV) They Identify function’s type

  1. I and II Only
  2. II and III Only
  3. III and IV Only
  4. I, II and III Only

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 29 

Question

Specifying the space in which a variable will be effective is called:

  1. Variable declaration
  2. Variable definition
  3. Variable Scope
  4. Variable garbage collection

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 29 

Question

____________ breaks down the message, to be sent over the internet, into packets.

  1. Protocol
  2. TCP
  3. IP
  4. NIC

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 28 

Question

When the packets reach the destination computer, Who reassembles them into the original message?

  1. UDP
  2. TCP
  3. UCP
  4. IP

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 28 

Question

TCP stands for:

  1. Transmission Control Practical
  2. Transmission Control Protocol
  3. Transfer Center Protocol
  4. None of the given choices

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 28 

Question

Files can be downloaded or uploaded using _______________ protocol.

  1. SMTP
  2. FTP
  3. TELNET
  4. None of the given choices

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 27 

Question

Electrical pulses received over telephone line are converted into messages (comprehensible by the computer) by using:

  1. Modulator
  2. Demodulator
  3. Both Modulator and Demodulator
  4. None of the given choices

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 27 

Question

Which of the following device can be used to control network traffic?

  1. Cable
  2. Connector
  3. Hub
  4. Repeater

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 27 

Question

One can download or upload files to a remote computer using ________ protocol.

  1. HTTP
  2. SMTP
  3. FTP
  4. TELNET

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 27 

Question

Users look for ________ solution.

  1. Optimal
  2. First good enough
  3. Good
  4. Best

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 25 

Question

Users __________, how things work.

  1. Analyze in detail
  2. Muddle through
  3. Figure out
  4. Read in detail

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 25 

Question

Which of the following keyword is used to jump out of switch statement as soon as match is found?

  1. default
  2. else
  3. jump
  4. break

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 23 

Question

Which of the following application is collections of cells?

  1. Word
  2. Excel
  3. PowerPoint
  4. Outlook Express

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 22 

Question

A vocabulary and set of grammatical rules for instructing a computer to perform specific tasks is called

  1. Software
  2. Programming language
  3. Device driver
  4. Interpreter

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 19 

Question

Programs that are typically started from a shell (or automatically via a scheduler) are called

  1. Batch programs
  2. Event-driven programs
  3. Sequential programs
  4. Application programs

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 19 

Question

BASIC stands for:

  1. Basic American Standard Information Code
  2. Beginner's All purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
  3. Brother and Sisters In Christ
  4. British American Scientific International Commercial

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 19 

Question

Batch programs do not

  1. Print or store the results
  2. Get input data
  3. Execute programs without the interference of user
  4. Provide event handling

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 19 

Question

A named collection of properties (data, state) and methods (instructions, behaviour) is called __________.

  1. Object
  2. Entity
  3. Relation
  4. Template

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 18 

Question

Randomized algorithms are often ________ than deterministic algorithms for the same problem.

  1. Simpler and more slow
  2. Simpler and more efficient
  3. Complex and more efficient
  4. Complex and more slow

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 16 

Question

Sequence of steps that is taken to solve a problem is called _______.

  1. Algorithm
  2. Operating System
  3. Application software
  4. None of the above

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 16 

Question

In Analysis of Algorithms ________ generally measured in terms of the number of steps required to execute an algorithm

  1. Bandwidth
  2. Time
  3. Memory
  4. Logic functions

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 16 

Question

___________ is generally measured in terms of the number of steps required to execute an algorithm.

  1. Space
  2. Time
  3. Memory and time
  4. Bandwidth

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 16 

Question

Algorithm gives us:

  1. Definition of a problem
  2. Sequence of steps to solve a problem
  3. Proper understanding of a problem
  4. Solution to a problem

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 16 

Question

JavaScript consider every thing as:

  1. Control
  2. Window
  3. Object
  4. Statement

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 15 

Question

We can change the background color in HTML, using __________ attribute of

  1. background
  2. bgcolor
  3. backcolor
  4. backgroundcolor

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 15 

Question

The code in the _____________ portion is the right choice for developing larger JavaScript scripts.

  1. Body
  2. At End
  3. Head
  4. Separate

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 15 

Question

Using only Html we can create ______________.

  1. Dynamic web pages
  2. Static web pages
  3. Both Static and Dynamic pages
  4. None of these

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 15 

Question

WYSIWYG is:

  1. Software
  2. The abbreviation of "what you see is what you get"
  3. A Network company in Japan
  4. The abbreviation of "word you see is what you get"

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 14 

Question

VisiCalc was the first popular __________ application on PC’s.

  1. Spreadsheet
  2. Word processor
  3. Presentation
  4. Database

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 13 

Question

A group of information is called

  1. File
  2. Database
  3. Record
  4. Field

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 13 

Question

To display a radio button on the web page, we use ___ tag.

  1. INPUTBUTTON
  2. INPUT
  3. RADIOBUTTON
  4. RADIO

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 12 

Question

When we use <INPUT type=“password”>, what will happen?

  1. Text will not be visible
  2. Text will be in normal format
  3. Text will be in **** format
  4. Text will be in #### format

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 12 

Question

__________ maintains index of names and location of the files.

  1. File Folder
  2. File manager
  3. File system
  4. Operating system

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 11 

Question

We need _____________ for memory management in computer.

  1. Software
  2. Hardware
  3. Operating System
  4. Application Software

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 11 

Question

Which of the following is/are the parts of Operating system components?

  1. GUI
  2. Device Manager
  3. Shell
  4. All of these

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 11 

Question

__________ is the example of Shrink-wrapped software.

  1. PIA information system
  2. WinZip trial pack
  3. Linux
  4. MS Word

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 10 

Question

Which of the following manages the HW and SW resources of the computer system?

  1. Hardware
  2. System Software
  3. Operating system
  4. Graphics Software

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 10 

Question

____________ translates the High level language program, one statement at time.

  1. Interpreter
  2. Compiler
  3. Utility program
  4. Anti virus software

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 10 

Question

Structures, in which another list starts before the first list is finished, are called:

  1. Multiple Lists
  2. Nested Lists
  3. Ordered Lists
  4. Un-ordered Lists

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 9 

Question

<UL> tag is used to

  1. underline text
  2. end the line
  3. create ordered list
  4. create unordered list

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 9 

Question

1 byte consists of ____________ bits.

  1. 8
  2. 10
  3. 12
  4. 16

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 8 

Question

1 byte consists of ____________ bits.

  1. 10
  2. 9
  3. 8
  4. None of the given choices

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 8 

Question

Today’s computers are based on the technology of ___________

  1. Punch cards
  2. Vacuum tubes
  3. Transistors
  4. Resistors

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 7 

Question

Register is a kind of _________ memory.

  1. Fast
  2. Super fast
  3. Slow
  4. Very slow

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 7 

Question

Microprocessor are made up of semiconductor material called

  1. Aluminum
  2. Copper
  3. Silicon dioxide
  4. Silicon

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 7 

Question

Which one is correct?

  1. <HEAD> </HEAD>
  2. <HEAD> <END>
  3. <HEAD> </END>
  4. <HEAD> <\HEAD>

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 6 

Question

Microphone is an input as well as output device. This statement is

  1. True
  2. False
  3. Meaningless

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 4 

Question

_________ are personal computers that are designed to be easily transported and relocated.

  1. Desktops
  2. Portables
  3. Servers
  4. Workstations

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 4 

Question

SCSI stands for:

  1. Small computer system interface
  2. System Common Small Integration
  3. Silicon Computer System Interface
  4. None of the given choices

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 4 

Question

USB stands for:

  1. Uniform System Bill
  2. Universal System Bus
  3. Universal Serial Bus
  4. Unified Sequential Bus

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 4 

Question

__________ can perform at or near the currently highest operational rate for computers.

  1. Microcomputers
  2. Supercomputers
  3. Personal Computers
  4. Mini Computers

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 4 

Question

CD stands for:

  1. Computer Disc
  2. Computer Data
  3. Compact Disc
  4. Compact Data

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 4 

Question

_________ is the best known builder for supercomputers.

  1. Sun
  2. Cray Research
  3. Microsoft
  4. Apple

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 4 

Question

______________ is volatile memory.

  1. RAM
  2. ROM
  3. Hard Disk
  4. CD ROM

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 4 

Question

_________ is a related collection of WWW files that includes a beginning file called a homepage.

  1. HTML
  2. Website
  3. HTTP
  4. Web page

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 3 

Question

The first Web browser with a GUI was generally available in:

  1. 1992
  2. 1993
  3. 1994
  4. 1995

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 3 

Question

The Semantic Web is an idea of ______________

  1. John Von Neuman
  2. Ada
  3. Bill Gates
  4. Tim Berners-Lee

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 3 

Question

HTTP stands for:

  1. Hyper Text Transparent Protocol
  2. Hyper Terminal Transfer Provider
  3. Hyper Text Transfer Procedure
  4. Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 3 

Question

____________ is a client program that uses HTTP to make requests to Web servers throughout the internet on behalf of the user.

  1. Web Application
  2. Web Browser
  3. Internet Application
  4. HTML

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 3 

Question

Compared to vacuum tubes, Transistors offer:

  1. Much smaller size
  2. Better reliability
  3. Much lower cost
  4. All of the given choices

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 2 

Question

________ invented at the Imperial University in Tokyo by Yoshiro Nakamats.

  1. Hard drive
  2. Flash drive
  3. Floppy disk
  4. Optical disc

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 2 

Question

Vacuum tubes were replaced by ____________

  1. Punch cards
  2. Transistors
  3. Micro Processors
  4. Resistors

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 2 

Question

What will replace Transistors?

  1. Electro-mechanical computing
  2. Vacuum tube computing
  3. Quantum computing
  4. Nothing can replace Transistors

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 2 

Question

If a computer could pass the Turing test then it would be able to:

  1. win a million dollar prize
  2. think like human beings
  3. think but slower than humans
  4. do the things faster

Answer: 2 Chapter No. 2 

Question

The name of very first computer was _______________

  1. ABC
  2. BCD
  3. EDC
  4. None of the given choices

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 2 

Question

World’s first large-scale, automatic digital computer was:

  1. Atanasoff-Berry Computer
  2. Harvard Mark 1
  3. ENIAC
  4. IBM-PC

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 2 

Question

First computer designed for commercial applications was

  1. UNIVAC 1
  2. ENIAC
  3. EDVAC
  4. Atanasoff-Berry Computer

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 2 

Question

Atanasoff-Berry Computer is the first computer that used:

  1. Binary number system
  2. Octal number system
  3. Decimal number system
  4. Hexadecimal number system

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 2 

Question

DARPA stands for

  1. Defence Advanced Research Project Agency
  2. Direct Automatic Research Private Agency
  3. Defence Automatic Research Project Agency
  4. None of the given choices

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 2 

Question

CERN releases WWW in:

  1. 1992
  2. 1993
  3. 1994
  4. None of the given choices

Answer: 4 Chapter No. 2 

Question

A _________ translates a high-level language (that is easy to understand for humans) into a language that the computer can understand.

  1. Computer
  2. Transistor
  3. Compiler
  4. Device

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 2 

Question

Spread sheet is a type of ____________.

  1. Productivity software
  2. Engineering software
  3. Mathematical software
  4. Business software

Answer: 1 Chapter No. 1 

Question

World's first program was written by

  1. Charles Babbage
  2. Alfred Tennyson
  3. Ada Lovelace
  4. Bernoulli

Answer: 3 Chapter No. 1 

Question

TCP stands for :

  1. Transmission Control Practical
  2. Transmission Control Protocol
  3. Transfer Center Protocol
  4. None of the given

Answer: Chapter No.  

Question

Heuristics are used because they

  1. Always give the best results
  2. Mostly gives good-enough results
  3. Don’t give wrong results
  4. Are commonly used as rule of thumb

Answer: Chapter No.  

Question

A data value that appears directly in a statement is known as _______.

  1. Numeric Literals
  2. String Literals
  3. JavaScript Literals
  4. None of the given

Answer: Chapter No.  

Question

To iterate each element of an array, the best know structure for iteration is:

  1. While loop structure
  2. If-else structure
  3. Switch statements
  4. For loop structure

Answer: Chapter No.  

Question

_______ is a special purpose computer that directs the data traffic when several paths are available.

  1. Bridge
  2. Router
  3. Gateway
  4. None of the given

Answer: Chapter No.  

Question

VPN stands for:

  1. Virtual Public Network
  2. Virtual Private Network
  3. Visual Private Network
  4. Virtual Personal Network

Answer: Chapter No.  

Question

Array can be defined as:

  1. An indexed list of elements
  2. A list of elements
  3. A collection of elements
  4. None of the given

Answer: Chapter No.  

Question

The computer working independently with no connection to any other computer is called :

  1. Standalone
  2. Workstation
  3. Server
  4. None of the given

Answer: Chapter No.  

Question

Email uses _______ protocol.

  1. SMTP
  2. HTTP
  3. FTP
  4. None of the given

Answer: Chapter No.  

Question

In Spreadsheets, you can create relationship between two cells by using _____.

  1. Text
  2. Formulas
  3. Numbers
  4. None of the given

Answer: Chapter No.  

Question

Browser is a _____________ used for browsing.

  1. Component
  2. Tool
  3. None of these
  4. Device

Answer: 3 Chapter No.  

Question

The computer working independently with no connection to any other computer is called:

  1. Standalone
  2. Workstation
  3. Server
  4. None of the given choices

Answer: 1 Chapter No.  

Question

_________ is also known as System Architecture.

  1. High level system design
  2. Low level system design
  3. Every system design
  4. Software Requirement

Answer: 3 Chapter No.  

Question

Which one of these is NOT an example of storage devices?

  1. CD
  2. Floppy
  3. Hard Disk
  4. RAM

Answer: 4 Chapter No.  

Question

The impact of a digit in a number is determined by its ____________

  1. Value
  2. Location
  3. Length
  4. None of above

Answer: 2 Chapter No.  

Question

_________ was known as “mill” in Analytical engine.

  1. Memory
  2. Processor
  3. Monitor
  4. Mouse

Answer: 2 Chapter No.  

Question

Which one of these is NOT an example of storage devices?

  1. Tape
  2. RAM
  3. Floppy
  4. DVD

Answer: 2 Chapter No.